Oracle designs, manufactures, and sells both software and hardware products, as well as offering services that complement them (such as financing, training, consulting, and hosting services). Many of the products have been added to Oracle’s portfolio through acquisitions.
Oracle’s E-delivery service (Oracle Software Delivery Cloud) provides generic downloadable Oracle software and documentation.
Release 10: In 2004, Oracle Corporation shipped release 10g (g standing for “grid”) as the then latest version of Oracle Database. (Oracle Application Server 10g using Java EE integrated with the server part of that version of the database, making it possible to deploy web-technology applications. The application server comprised the first middle-tier software designed for grid computing. The interrelationship between Oracle 10g and Java allowed developers to set up stored procedures written in the Java language, as well as those written in the traditional Oracle database programming language, PL/SQL.)
Release 11: Release 11g became the current Oracle Database version in 2007. Oracle Corporation released Oracle Database 11g Release 2 in September 2009. This version was available in four commercial editions—Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Standard Edition One, and Personal Edition—and in one free edition—the Express Edition. The licensing of these editions shows various restrictions and obligations that were called complex by licensing expert Freirich Florea. The Enterprise Edition (DB EE), the most expensive of the Database Editions, has the fewest restrictions — but nevertheless has complex licensing. Oracle Corporation constrains the Standard Edition (DB SE) and Standard Edition One (SE1) with more licensing restrictions, in accordance with their lower price.
Release 12: Release 12c (c standing for “cloud”) became available on July 1, 2013.
Oracle Corporation has acquired and developed the following additional database technologies:
Berkeley DB, which offers embedded database processing
Oracle Rdb, a relational database system running on OpenVMS platforms. Oracle acquired Rdb in 1994 from Digital Equipment Corporation. Oracle has since made many enhancements to this product and development continues as of 2008.
TimesTen, which features in-memory database operations
Oracle Essbase, which continues the Hyperion Essbase tradition of multi-dimensional database management
MySQL, a relational database management system licensed under the GNU General Public License, initially developed by MySQL AB
Oracle NoSQL Database, a scalable, distributed key-value NoSQL database
Oracle Fusion Middleware is a family of middleware software products, including (for instance) application server, system integration, business process management (BPM), user interaction, content management, identity management and business intelligence (BI) products.
Oracle Secure Enterprise Search
Oracle Secure Enterprise Search (SES), Oracle’s enterprise-search offering, gives users the ability to search for content across multiple locations, including websites, XML files, file servers, content management systems, enterprise resource planning systems, customer relationship management systems, business intelligence systems, and databases.
Released in 2008, the Oracle Beehive collaboration software provides team workspaces (including wikis, team calendaring and file sharing), email, calendar, instant messaging, and conferencing on a single platform. Customers can use Beehive as licensed software or as software as a service (“SaaS”).
Oracle also sells a suite of business applications. The Oracle E-Business Suite includes software to perform various enterprise functions related to (for instance) financials, manufacturing, customer relationship management (CRM), enterprise resource planning (ERP) and human resource management. The Oracle Retail Suite covers the retail-industry vertical, providing merchandise management, price management, invoice matching, allocations, store operations management, warehouse management, demand forecasting, merchandise financial planning, assortment planning and category management. Users can access these facilities through a browser interface over the Internet or via a corporate intranet.
Following a number of acquisitions beginning in 2003, especially in the area of applications, Oracle Corporation as of 2008 maintains a number of product lines:
Oracle Fusion Applications
Oracle Social Engagement and Monitoring (SEM) System – Oracle has developed a Social Engagement and Monitoring Cloud service that allows businesses to capture relevant brand conversation from global web and social channels to understand commentary on their products. The Social Engagement and Monitoring cloud provides the most effective and efficient responses across social and customer experience channels. SEM is able to route correct responses to the right team, member, or customer-experience channel to ensure the best customer service. The analysis helps vendors to understand what is important to customers. It identifies trends, spikes, and anomalies to make real-time course corrections. It also can identify brand advocates. The SEM cloud identifies customer intention and interests by analyzing the common ways customers talk about a product or a service.
Oracle E-Business Suite
JD Edwards EnterpriseOne
JD Edwards World
Merchandise Operations Management (Formerly Retek)
Planning & Optimisation
Store Operations (Formerly 360Commerce)
Development of applications commonly takes place in Java (using Oracle JDeveloper) or through PL/SQL (using, for example, Oracle Forms and Oracle Reports/BIPublisher). Oracle Corporation has started a drive toward “wizard”-driven environments with a view to enabling non-programmers to produce simple data-driven applications.
Oracle Corporation works with “Oracle Certified Partners” to enhance its overall product marketing. The variety of applications from third-party vendors includes database applications for archiving, splitting and control, ERP and CRM systems, as well as more niche and focused products providing a range of commercial functions in areas like human resources, financial control and governance, risk management, and compliance (GRC). Vendors include Hewlett-Packard, Creoal Consulting, UC4 Software, Motus, and Knoa Software.
Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) provides web-based monitoring and management tools for Oracle products (and for some third-party software), including database management, middleware management, application management, hardware and virtualization management and cloud management.
The Primavera products of Oracle’s Primavera Global Business Unit (PGBU) consist of project-management software.
Oracle Corporation’s tools for developing applications include (among others):
Oracle Designer – a CASE tool which integrates with Oracle Developer Suite
Oracle Developer – which consists of Oracle Forms, Oracle Discoverer and Oracle Reports
Oracle JDeveloper, a freeware IDE
NetBeans, a Java-based software-development platform
Oracle Application Express – also known as APEX; for web-oriented development
Oracle SQL Developer, an integrated development environment for working with SQL-based databases
Oracle SQL*Plus Worksheet, a component of Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM)
OEPE, Oracle Enterprise Pack for Eclipse
Open Java Development Kit
Many external and third-party tools make the Oracle database administrator’s tasks easier.
ZFS combines file-system and logical volume management functionality.
Oracle Corporation develops and supports two operating systems: Oracle Solaris and Oracle Linux.
Oracle Exadata and Exalogic
The Sun hardware range acquired by Oracle Corporation’s purchase of Sun Microsystems
Oracle SPARC T-series servers and M-series mainframes developed and released after Sun acquisition
Engineered systems: pre-engineered and pre-assembled hardware/software bundles for enterprise use
Exadata Database Machine – hardware/software integrated storage
Exalogic Elastic Cloud – hardware/software integrated application server
Exalytics In-Memory Machine – hardware/software integrated in-memory analytics server
Oracle Database Appliance
Big Data Appliance – integrated map-reduce/big data solution
SPARC SuperCluster T4-4 – a general purpose engineered syste
Oracle Cloud is a cloud computing service offered by Oracle Corporation providing servers, storage, network, applications and services through a global network of Oracle Corporation managed data centers. The company allows these services to be provisioned on demand over the Internet.
Oracle Cloud provides Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS) and Data as a Service (DaaS). These services are used to build, deploy, integrate and extend applications in the cloud. This platform supports open standards (SQL, HTML5, REST, etc.) open-source solutions (Kubernetes, Hadoop, Kafka, etc.) and a variety of programming languages, databases, tools and frameworks including Oracle-specific, Open Source and third-party software and systems.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Enterprise applications: SCM, EPM, HCM, ERP and CX SaaS offerings
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Oracle has branded its Platform as a Service as Oracle Cloud Platform. Oracle Cloud Platform offerings include Data Management, Application Development, Integration, Content and Experience, Business Analytics, Management and Security.
Platform services on which to build and deploy applications or extend SaaS applications: database, Java application server, mobile, business analytics, integration, process, big data, Internet of Things, Node.js etc.
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
Oracle has branded its Infrastructure as a Service as Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI). Oracle Cloud Infrastructure offerings include the following services.
On July 28, 2016 Oracle bought NetSuite, the very first cloud company, for $9.3 billion. On May 16, 2018 Oracle announced that it had acquired DataScience.com, a privately held cloud workspace platform for data science projects and workloads.
Oracle Consulting – technical and business expert services
Product support: Oracle Corporation identifies its customers and their support entitlements using CSI (Customer Support Identifier) codes. Registered customers can submit Service Requests (SRs)—usually via the web-accessible My Oracle Support(MOS),a re-incarnation of Oracle Metalink with web access administered by a site Customer User Administrator (CUA).
Critical Patch Updates: since 2005 Oracle Corporation has grouped collections of patches and security fixes for its products each quarter into a “Critical Patch Update” (CPU), released each January, April, July and October.
Oracle Configuration Manager (OCM, previously Customer Configuration repository or CCR) gathers and uploads details of the configuration of Oracle software.
Oracle Auto Service Request (ASR) automatically creates Service Requests for specific hardware faults on qualified Oracle server, storage, Oracle Exadata, and Oracle Exalogic products.
My Oracle Support Community (MOSC)
Oracle University (training in Oracle products)
Oracle Certification Program
NetSuite Social Impact program assists nonprofits with moving operations to the cloud. In October 2018, Oracle announced the expansion of the program to include product donation, pro bono expansion and online community building.
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